Shakespeare’s Globe is a reconstruction of the original Globe Theatre built in 1599. The original theatre was burnt down by a fire in 1613 and was then rebuilt in 1614, only to be knocked down thirty years later in 1644. The reconstruction is based on the available evidence of the 1599 and 1614 buildings. It has some deviances to comply with current safety regulations, and can only accommodate 1400 spectators whereas the original would have accommodated up to 3000.
Shakespeare’s Globe was founded by Sam Wanamaker, an American actor and director. He set up a trust and fundraised to rebuild the theatre. The new theatre was built around 230m away from the site of the original theatre.